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Picea glauca (Moench) Voss
Synonym(s): Picea canadensis
USDA Symbol: PIGL
White spruce is a conical evergreen, up to100 or more ft. tall, with compact, regular branching. The lower branches sweep the ground and bear whitish-green needles. Small cones are concentrated in the upper crown. Tree with rows of horizontal branches forming a conical crown; smaller and shrubby at tree line.
This is the foremost pulpwood and generally the most important commercial tree species of Canada. As well as providing lumber for construction, the wood is valued for piano sounding boards, violins, and other musical instruments. White Spruce and Black Spruce (Picea mariana) are the most widely distributed conifers in North America after Common Juniper (Juniperus communis), which rarely reaches tree size. Various kinds of wildlife, including deer, rabbits, and grouse, browse spruce foliage in winter.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, WY Canada: AB
, YT Native Distribution:
Nf. & Lab. to AK,
s. to New England, NY,
upper Great Lakes, Black Hills & n. Rockies Native Habitat:
Mesic, upland, woods; moist slopes; river banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry , Moist Soil pH:
Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2) CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Soil Description:
Moist loam or alluvium, though tolerant of many soil types. Conditions Comments:
White spruce is susceptible to trunk and root rot, salt spray, spruce bagworm, and other insect pests. It is, however, one of the most tolerant spruces for wind, heat, cold, drought, and crowding, and is the most amenable native
spruce for eastern landscape use. Best in full sun. Becomes stunted in sub-alpine zones.
Twigs, leaves and seeds are important wildlife food. Very valuable as nesting sites for birds. Use Other:
An important timber tree
in Canada. The wood is used extensively by the pulp and paper industry. (Kershaw) Fragrant Foliage:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seeds or cuttings taken in late July.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seed require no pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Privacy hedge for South Dakota
August 08, 2008
Hi, I'm looking for something to use as a hedge. 8 foot or so tall offering semi privacy all year. I like dogwoods but loss of leaves in the winter makes me skeptical. Boxwood would be interesting...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery
- Orefield, PA
Record Last Modified: 2013-10-12
Research By: TWC Staff