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Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.
USDA Symbol: PIEN
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Large tree with dark or blue-green foliage and a dense, narrow, conical crown of short branches spreading in close rows. Engelmann’s spruce is a narrow, spire-like evergreen, growing 75-100 ft. tall. Its branches descend to sweep the ground and conceal the trunk. The coniferous needles are dark blue-green.
Its resonant qualities make the wood of Engelmann Spruce valuable for piano sounding boards and violins. This species was named after George Engelmann (1809-84), the German-born physician and botanist of St. Louis and authority on conifers.
The species of this plant is named for George Engelmann (1809-1884) who was born in Germany and settled in St. Louis, Missouri, as a young man. He was a physician and botanist, describing especially North American Abies (Firs), Agaves, Cactus (for which he described more than 108 species), Cuscuta (Dodder), Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family), Juncus (Rushes), Juniperus (“Cedar”), Pinus (Pines), Vitis (Grapes), and Yuccas. When he died much of his collection went to Missouri Botanical Garden.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, WY Canada: AB
, BC Native Distribution:
Yukon & B.C. through Rockies to NM
& through Pacific states to n. CA Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist CaCO3 Tolerance:
High Soil Description:
Moist, rich, loamy soils. Conditions Comments:
is widely adaptable but has some insect and disease susceptibility. It is very slow growing.
PropagationDescription: Seeds of most Picea species germinate promptly without pretreatment. Cuttings root in low percentages.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No treatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACU || FAC || FAC |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2008-08-27
Research By: TWC Staff