Pinus albicaulis Engelm.
Pinaceae (Pine Family)
USDA Symbol: PIAL
American Indians gathered the cones and ate the seeds of this species. A bird called Clarks nutcracker tears open the cones to eat the seeds; in northern Eurasia, another nutcracker uses a similar method to obtain the seeds of a closely related species. Whitebark Pine is considered the most primitive native pine because its cones do not open until they decay.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul
DistributionUSA: CA , ID , MT , NV , OR , WA , WY
Canada: AB , BC
Native Distribution: Central British Columbia, east to SW. Alberta, south to W. Wyoming and west to central California. At 4500-7000 (1372-2134 m) in north; at 8000-12,000 (2438-3658 m) in south.
Native Habitat: Dry, rocky soils on exposed slopes and ridges in subalpine zone to timberline; sometimes forms pure stands and thickets.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pinus albicaulis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus albicaulis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus albicaulis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff