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Pinus albicaulis Engelm.
USDA Symbol: PIAL
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Tree with short, twisted or crooked trunk and irregular, spreading crown; a shrub at timberline; foliage has sweetish taste and odor.
American Indians gathered the cones and ate the seeds of this species. A bird called Clarks nutcracker tears open the cones to eat the seeds; in northern Eurasia, another nutcracker uses a similar method to obtain the seeds of a closely related species. Whitebark Pine is considered the most primitive native pine because its cones do not open until they decay.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul
CA , ID , MT , NV , OR , WA , WY Canada: AB
, BC Native Distribution:
Central British Columbia, east to SW. Alberta, south to W. Wyoming and west to central California. At 4500-7000 (1372-2134 m) in north; at 8000-12,000 (2438-3658 m) in south. Native Habitat:
Dry, rocky soils on exposed slopes and ridges in subalpine zone to timberline; sometimes forms pure stands and thickets. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff