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Phalaris caroliniana (Carolina canarygrass) | NPIN

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Phalaris caroliniana (Carolina canarygrass)
Strickland, Sam C.

Phalaris caroliniana

Phalaris caroliniana Walter

Carolina canarygrass, Maygrass

Poaceae (Grass Family)


USDA Symbol: PHCA6

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Inflorescence: Panicle
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Seed heads when young are very green, turning tan when mature and dry.


USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , FL , GA , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NM , NV , OH , OK , OR , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Habitat: Loamy & alluvial soils, creek sides, in disturbed soils, fields, pastures.


Use Food: Seeds consumed by indigenous peoples of eastern North America before the arrival of maize.
Attracts: Birds

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1020 Collected 2007-05-11 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Bibref 1222 - Rivers of Change: Essays on Early Agriculture in Eastern North America (1992) Smith, Bruce D.

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Recommended Species Lists

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Phalaris caroliniana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Phalaris caroliniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Phalaris caroliniana


Record Modified: 2011-06-25
Research By: TWC Staff

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