Phalaris caroliniana Walter
Carolina canarygrass, Maygrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: PHCA6
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Seed heads when young are very green, turning tan when mature and dry.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , FL , GA , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NM , NV , OH , OK , OR , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Habitat: Loamy & alluvial soils, creek sides, in disturbed soils, fields, pastures.
BenefitUse Food: Seeds consumed by indigenous peoples of eastern North America before the arrival of maize.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1020 Collected 2007-05-11 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Bibref 1222 - Rivers of Change: Essays on Early Agriculture in Eastern North America (1992) Smith, Bruce D.
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Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Phalaris caroliniana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Phalaris caroliniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Phalaris caroliniana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2011-06-25
Research By: TWC Staff