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Palafoxia callosa (Nutt.) Torr. & Gray
Small palafox, Small palafoxia
Synonyms: Othake callosa, Palafoxia callosa var. bella, Polypteris callosa
USDA Symbol: PACA3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Glandular stems reaching 20 to 60 cm tall, producing linear leaf blades w/ glandular-based hairs. Brownish to reddish purple anthers stand out against lavendar petals. Small Palafox is an upright, 2-3 ft. annual with solitary flowers on slender stalks from sticky-hairy stems. Ray flowers are absent. Disk flowers are pink or purple. Leaves become bract-like in the flowering portion of the stem.
The flowers attract butterflies.
This genus is named after José de Palafox y Melzi, Duke of Saragossa (1776–1847), a Spanish captain-general, in the war against the invading armies of Napoleon.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color:
White , Pink , Purple Bloom Time:
Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov Bloom Notes:
Has no ray
AR , HI , LA , MO , MS , OK , TX Native Distribution:
From Texas to Oklahoma, east to Missouri & south to Arkansas. Native Habitat:
Limestone glades; bald knobs; open, sandy areas; gravelly stream edges. USDA Native Status: L48(N), HI(I)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry Heat Tolerant:
Small palafoxia provides an airy accent to the fall prairie garden. Best grown in full sun and dry, gravelly soils to avoid rotting plant. Great reseeding annual
for the xeric flower garden.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Small palafoxia provides an airy accent to the fall prairie garden.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect seed in October, November. Plant in December or January.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0102
Collected Nov 10. 1990 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0262
Collected Aug. 19, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth WhiteNPSOT 0038
Collected Oct.3, 1990 in Bexar County by Judith C. BerryNPSOT 0296
Collected July 26, 1991 in Bexar County by Judith C. Berry
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-MM-708
Collected 2009-11-16 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2010-10-20
Research By: WFS, RSB