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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Paeonia californica Nutt.
Synonym(s): Paeonia brownii ssp. californica
USDA Symbol: PACA2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
California peony is a 1 ft. perennial with 5-30 branched stems per plant. Large, drooping maroon flowers occur at the top of the branches. Each flower has 5-6 petals and numerous stamens.
This plant can be difficult to cultivate. Its swollen roots will rot if watered in the summer.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar
DistributionUSA: CA Native Distribution:
Monterey to San Diego, Cos., CA Native Habitat:
Dry, brushy places below 4000 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Various extremely well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: This plant can be difficult to cultivate. Its swollen roots will rot if watered in the summer.
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is easiest.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No treatment is necessary, but scarification may improve germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff