Nicotiana obtusifolia M. Martens & Galeotti
Desert tobacco, Little tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche
Solanaceae (Potato Family)
USDA Symbol: NIOB
Sticky-glandular stems and leaves, with trumpet-shaped, white flowers in a loosely branched cluster at the top.
The Spanish name, pronounced tah-bah-kee-oh, means little tobacco. Also once called Punche (a punch) by Spanish Americans, who carefully tended it for tobacco and medicinal use, it is still smoked by native peoples in traditional ceremonies. Coyote Tobacco (N. attenuata), from British Columbia to Baja California, east to New Mexico, Colorado, and northern Idaho, has fewer glands, short triangular calyx lobes, and dingy white, trumpet-shaped corollas 1-1 1/2 inches (2.5-3.8 cm) long. Grows in full sun in dry habitats.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual , Perennial , Biennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , MD , NM , NV , OK , TX , UT
Native Distribution: Southeastern California and southern Nevada to western Texas and northwestern New Mexico.
Native Habitat: Sandy areas and washes.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
BenefitWarning: Poisonous if eaten. Contains nicotine.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Nicotiana obtusifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Nicotiana obtusifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Nicotiana obtusifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-03-25
Research By: TWC Staff