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Bruso, George H.
Monotropa hypopithys L.
Synonyms: Hypopitys monotropa
USDA Symbol: MOHY3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A saprophytic, red, pink, lavender, or yellow plant with several vase-like, nodding flowers on a downy, scaly stem; stem and flowers colored alike.
Autumn-flowering plants are characterized by their red color, while early-flowering forms are yellow. Like its single-flowered relative, Indian Pipe (M. uniflora), Pinesap does not carry on photosynthesis but obtains its nourishment from fungi associated with roots, often those of oaks and pines. The closely related, similar Sweet Pinesap (Monotropsis odorata) has united petals; it occurs in Maryland, Virginia, and Kentucky south to Florida and Alabama. Sweet Pinesap has two flowering periods: February to April, when the flowers produced are faded rose colored and very fragrant, and September and October, when the flowers are lavender and odorless.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Alberta east to Newfoundland, south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to Nebraska and Minnesota; widely distributed in West. Native Habitat:
Upland woods, usually in acidic soil. USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsSoil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
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Record Modified: 2012-07-25
Research By: TWC Staff