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Mimulus ringens L.
Allegheny monkeyflower, Square-stemmed Monkeyflower
USDA Symbol: MIRI
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Asymmetrical, 2-lipped, blue-purple flowers rise from the axils of opposite leaves that clasp the square stem.
The flower looks something like a monkeys face, hence the common and genus names, the latter from the Latin mimus (a buffoon). A variety of this plant, M. ringens var. colpophilus, found from Quebec to Maine on tidal muds, is classified as an endangered species in Maine. The lavender-flowering Sharp-winged Monkeyflower (M. alatus) has stalked leaves and a winged stem. It is more common southward and westward in wet sites.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Pink , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
, WV Canada: MB
, SK Native Distribution:
Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia; south to Georgia; west to Alabama; Louisiana, and northeastern Texas. Native Habitat:
Wet meadows and streambanks.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Loam
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Common Buckeye, Baltimore checkerspots
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DENative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2012-12-09
Research By: TWC Staff