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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Mimulus cardinalis Dougl. ex Benth.
Crimson monkey-flower, Scarlet monkey-flower, Scarlet monkeyflower
USDA Symbol: MICA3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Scarlet monkey-flower is a large-flowered, robust perennial with 2-3 ft. stems. The flowers are carried high above the leaves and are of a peculiar shape. The lower lip is swept backward and the stamens extend beyond the upper lip. All parts of the flower are a brilliant, red-orange hue.
The handsome red flowers of this plant attract hummingbirds.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AZ , CA , NM , NV , OR , UT Native Distribution:
S.w. OR & CA, e. to NV, extreme s.w. UT & AZ Native Habitat:
Stream banks & seeps below 8000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Older stems need to be trimmed back periodically or the growth becomes floppy and unsightly. This plant reseeds freely.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Crimson monkey flower attracts hummingbirds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Easily increased through root divisions of the ever-enlarging clumps. Seeds may also be used.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seeds germinate without pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2007-07-04
Research By: TWC Staff