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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Mimulus cardinalis Douglas ex Benth.
Crimson monkey-flower, Scarlet monkey-flower, Scarlet monkeyflower
Synonym(s): Diplacus cardinalis, Erythranthe cardinalis, Mimulus cardinalis var. exsul, Mimulus cardinalis var. griseus, Mimulus cardinalis var. rigens, Mimulus cardinalis var. verbenaceus, Mimulus verbenaceus
USDA Symbol: MICA3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Scarlet monkey-flower is a large-flowered, robust perennial with 2-3 ft. stems. The flowers are carried high above the leaves and are of a peculiar shape. The lower lip is swept backward and the stamens extend beyond the upper lip. All parts of the flower are a brilliant, red-orange hue.
The handsome red flowers of this plant attract hummingbirds.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, UT Native Distribution:
e. to NV,
extreme s.w. UT
& AZ Native Habitat:
Stream banks & seeps below 8000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Older stems need to be trimmed back periodically or the growth becomes floppy and unsightly. This plant reseeds freely.
Crimson monkey flower
attracts hummingbirds. Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationDescription: Easily increased through root divisions of the ever-enlarging clumps. Seeds may also be used.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seeds germinate without pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACW || FACW |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2007-07-04
Research By: TWC Staff