Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
San Antonio River Authority
Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
Yellow sweetclover, White Sweet Clover
Synonym(s): Melilotus alba, Melilotus albus, Melilotus albus var. annuus, Melilotus arvensis, Melilotus leucanthus, Melilotus lutea, Melilotus officinalis var. micranthus
USDA Symbol: MEOF
Small, somewhat pea-like flowers, fragrant when crushed, are in long, slender, cylindrical, spike-like clusters rising in the leaf axils on a bushy plant.
Unpublished. Non-native. This tall, introduced legume has the fragrance of new-mown hay when crushed. Both this plant and yellow Sweet Clover (M. indicus) are widely used as pasture crops for nitrogen enrichment of the soil. They are also highly valued as honey plants as suggested by the genus name from meli, a Greek word meaning honey.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, OR Canada: AB
, SK Native Habitat:
Roadsides and fields.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0455
Collected Jun 5, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Record Last Modified: 2012-08-01
Research By: TWC Staff