Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Magnolia macrophylla Michx.
USDA Symbol: MAMA2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
The tree with the largest flowers and the largest leaves of all native North American species (except for tropical palms) and a broad, rounded crown of stout, spreading branches. Big-leaf magnolia is a round-headed giant reaching 30-40 ft. in height. Flowers are creamy-white, 8-14 in. across, solitary and fragrant, followed by egg-shaped, rose-colored fruits. Deciduous leaves are extremely large, up to 1 ft. wide and 3 ft. long.
Planted as an ornamental north to Massachusetts. However, in windy places the giant leaves become torn and unsightly. The queenliest of all the deciduous magnolias was named by the French naturalist and explorer Andre Michaux (1746-1802), who discovered this rare local tree near Charlotte, North Carolina in 1789.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AL , AR , DC , GA , KY , LA , MD , MS , NC , OH , SC , TN , VA , WV Native Distribution:
Interrupted distribution from w. FL to LA, n. to VA, KY & AR Native Habitat:
Bottomland woods, rich wooded slopes, alluvial woods, piedmont USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Rich, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Protection from wind helps to preserve the huge leaves.
PropagationDescription: Fresh seed sown in fall; stratified seed; semi-hardwood cuttings taken in summer
Seed Collection: When ripe, the seeds are bright red, fleshy, oily, soft on the outside and stony on the inside. Gather when ripe. Clean and store in moist sand or sphagnum moss in refrigerator. Cold, moist storage also serves at stratification.
Seed Treatment: Stored seed must be kept moist and cool which will also serve as stratification. Stratify at least 60 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Campbell Family Nursery
- Harmony, NC
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.
View Recommended Species page
Record Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: TWC Staff