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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Lupinus havardii S. Watson
Big Bend bluebonnet, Big Bend lupine, Havard bluebonnet, Chisos bluebonnet
USDA Symbol: Luha
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Much taller than most bluebonnets, Big Bend or Havard bluebonnet grows 3-4 ft. high with the flowers on the upper 4Ė8 inches of the stem. The flowers of this winter annual are very deep blue with a lemon blotch. Palmate leaves are divided into seven leaflets.
The tall stems and showy flowers of L. havardii distinguish it from L. subcarnosus, a smaller, less showy species, which was originally designated as Texas state flower (in 1901). In 1971, however, the state legislature designated all Lupinus species as the official state flower.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution:
& n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Deserts; alluvial areas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Alluvium or fine talus soils. Limestone-based, Gravelly, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam
Color, Desert landscape Use Wildlife:
Deer browse. Nectar-Bees, Browse, Nectar-insects Warning:
Plants in the genus
Lupinus, especially the seeds, can be toxic to humans and animals if ingested. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil. Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Plant treated seed in the fall.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Scarification will hasten germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1266
Collected 2013-04-30 in Presidio County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2012-05-15
Research By: TWC Staff