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Marcus, Joseph A.
Lycium berlandieri Dunal
Berlandier's wolfberry, Wolfberry
USDA Symbol: LYBE
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Perennial shrub to 7 feet tall. The small, tubular flowers have 4 or 5 lobes, protruding stamens, and are followed by round, red berries. The 1.25 inch (3.2 cm) long leaves are spatulate and mostly glabrous. This native, rangy, sprawling shrub blooms anytime from spring to fall.
Berlandier wolfberry is found on flats, along washes or arroyos, on dry, gravelly to sandy hills and bajadas, and on rocky slopes. The blue, lavender, or white flowers bloom from February to October. The fruit is a small red berry and is eaten by small birds and mammals, such as chachalacas and racoons. Wolfberry is browsed by white-tailed deer and occasionally by livestock.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AZ , NM , OK , TX Native Habitat:
Hillsides, Slopes USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Gravelly, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental Use Wildlife:
Nectar-insects, Browse, Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals Use Medicinal:
Americans have eaten Berlandier wolfberry berries and have used the plant for a wide variety of medicinal purposes Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds Deer Resistant:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings , Softwood Cuttings
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Record Modified: 2009-04-08
Research By: TWC Staff