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Lycium andersonii Gray
Anderson wolfberry, Red-berry desert-thorn, Water jacket
USDA Symbol: LYAN
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Red-berry desert-thorn or Anderson wolfberry is a rounded, much-branched, spiny shrub from 3-6 ft. high. The leaves are broadly pear-shaped. Flowers occur from leaf axils, singly or in pairs. They are whitish-lavender and tubular and hang from a pedicel. Intricately branched, thorny shrub. Leaves: 1, thick and fleshy; shape and size variable, depending upon seasonal moisture. The fruit is round, red and fleshy.
The berries provide forage for such ground birds as Chukars and Gambel Quails. Black-chinned Hummingbirds are attracted by the flowers.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
AZ , CA , NM , NV , UT Native Distribution:
S. CA, e. to UT & NM; also n.w. Mex. Native Habitat:
Dry, stony hills, mesas & washes USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, gravelly soils.
Conditions Comments: In nature, Anderson wolfberry may occur as a single plant or in thickets.
Propagation is possible by seed, hardwood cuttings, layering, or division of suckers. Seed Collection:
Ripe berries may be picked from the bushes in the fall and the seeds extracted by maceration. Seed Treatment:
Seed dormancy in this genus
is variable. Seeds of some species may require stratification at 41 degrees for 60-120 days. Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff