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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Lupinus bicolor Lindl.
Miniature lupine, Miniature annual lupine, Pigmy-leaved lupine
USDA Symbol: LUBI
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
This is a small, blue and white, annual lupine growing to 16 in. in height. A usually small, grayish, hairy, branched plant with palmately compound leaves and blue-violet and white pea flowers arranged in whorls in short, thick, cone-like racemes. The pea-like flowers occur in a short raceme and are subtended by small, palmately compound leaves.
Miniature Lupine and California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica) are common companions, the blue cast given to fields by the lupine perfectly complementing the fiery orange of the poppy. There are many other annual lupines. The oldest known viable seeds, discovered in 1967 frozen in a lemming burrow, are from an Arctic lupine estimated to be 10,000 years old; when planted the seeds germinated in 48 hours.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
AZ , CA , OR , WA Native Distribution:
Vancouver I., B.C. to s. CA; perhaps introduced in AZ Native Habitat:
Sandy places below 3000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
PropagationDescription: Plant seeds.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Fresh seeds to do not require pretreatment. Stored seeds may benefit from scarification or hot water.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2010-04-25
Research By: TWC Staff