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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Lilium columbianum Leichtlin
Columbia lily, Columbian lily, Oregon lily, Wild tiger lily
Synonym(s): Lilium canadense var. parviflorum
USDA Symbol: LICO
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
The slender stems of this lily may reach 5-6 ft. and under favorable conditions carry a dozen or more nodding, light-orange flowers, spotted maroon. A plant with large, showy, mostly orange, nodding flowers at top of a leafy stem. The plant is usually 3 ft. tall and may be only 6-12 in. in dry, subalpine sites. Leaves are light green and lance-shaped; the lower whorled, the upper scattered.
This is one of the most popular western wildflowers, often dug for the garden, and in some areas now uncommon. The similar Leopard Lily or Panther Lily (L. pardalinum), which grows along forest streams or near springs over most of California, has bright orange-red flowers with anthers 3/8-5/8 (9-15 mm) long.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Orange
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
, WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
to B.C., n. ID
& Lincoln Co., MT Native Habitat:
Ferny or brushy, redwood forest slopes; prairies; thickets
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Well-drained soils; dry in summer.
Conditions Comments: Bloom time depends on elevation.
Increase using bulb
scales or offsets or seed. Sow outdoors in summer for germination the following spring. Seedlings take several years to flower. Seed Collection:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2010-04-27
Research By: TWC Staff