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Laguncularia racemosa (L.) C.F. Gaertn.
Combretaceae (West Indies-Almond Family)
Synonym(s): Conocarpus racemosa
USDA Symbol: LARA2
A shrub or tree to 30 ft. in height with thick, opposite, leathery, oval leaves, narrow rounded crown; trunk short, crooked, often with “knees”; thicket-forming. Short, branched spikes of white flowers are followed by red fruits.
The ecology of mangrove swamps closely parallels that of salt marshes: Salt-tolerant mangroves extend out from protected shores, trapping detritus and stabilizing land as they spread. As with marshes, the daily flushing and replenishment of the tides is critical to the swamps’ survival. Mangroves limit their internal salt concentration by screening out salt as they absorb water and/or by excreting it through specialized glands in their leaves. Though mangroves can survive in fresh water, they generally cannot compete with hardier plants that grow there.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: FL Native Distribution:
S. & c. FL Native Habitat:
Brackish, tidal swamp edges at the highest ground of mangrove thickets
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet, brackish soils.
Conditions Comments: This species produces an abundance of roots that bind soil well and could abate canal bank erosion. It is also suited to trimming and shaping and is salt-tolerant.
PropagationDescription: Propagation from seed is quite simple.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| OBL || OBL || FACW |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff