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Juncus arcticus ssp. littoralis
Juncus arcticus Willd. ssp. littoralis (Engelm.) Hultén
Synonym(s): Juncus arcticus ssp. ater, Juncus arcticus ssp. balticus, Juncus arcticus var. balticus, Juncus arcticus var. littoralis, Juncus arcticus var. montanus, Juncus ater, Juncus balticus, Juncus balticus var. balticus, Juncus balticus var. littoralis, Juncus balticus var. melanogenus, Juncus balticus var. montanus, Juncus balticus var. stenocarpus, Juncus balticus var. vallicola
USDA Symbol: JUARL
Great Lakes coastal species; forms dense colonies for dark green stems that spreads. Stems, rising from a rhizome, often form a line like a fence. (Ontario Native Plants 2002)
A member of the family Juncaceae which includes herbs, rarely shrubs, with mostly grass-like leaves, usually in a basal tuft, and small greenish or brownish flower in dense spikes or heads or sometimes in loose clusters or even solitary.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Brown
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
, WY Canada: NB
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CA
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff