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Iris fernaldii R.C. Foster
USDA Symbol: IRFE
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
The leaves of this iris are narrow and gray-green while the flowers are pale yellow. Flower stem is 8-16 in. tall and 2-flowered.
A member of the iris family (family Iridaceae) which consists of herbs growing from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms, with narrow basal leaves and showy clusters at the tips of long stalks. There are about 60 genera and 1,500 species, distributed in temperate and tropical regions. Among them, Iris, Freesia, Gladiolus, Bugle Lily, and Montbretia are popular ornamentals. Saffron dye is obtained from Crocus, and essence of violets, used in perfumes, is extracted from the rhizomes of Iris.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: CA Native Distribution:
Santa Cruz to Sonoma, Lake & Solano Cos., CA Native Habitat:
Dry, sunny woods; partially shaded slopes
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry-mesic, humus-rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Hybridizes readily with I. douglasiana and I. macrosiphon.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationSeed Collection: Easily collected from the large capsules.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff