USDA Symbol: IRFE
USDA Native Status:
A member of the iris family (family Iridaceae) which consists of herbs growing from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms, with narrow basal leaves and showy clusters at the tips of long stalks. There are about 60 genera and 1,500 species, distributed in temperate and tropical regions. Among them, Iris, Freesia, Gladiolus, Bugle Lily, and Montbretia are popular ornamentals. Saffron dye is obtained from Crocus, and essence of violets, used in perfumes, is extracted from the rhizomes of Iris.
From the Image Gallery
No images of this plant
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Native Distribution: Santa Cruz to Sonoma, Lake & Solano Cos., CA
Native Habitat: Dry, sunny woods; partially shaded slopes
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry-mesic, humus-rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Hybridizes readily with I. douglasiana and I. macrosiphon.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationSeed Collection: Easily collected from the large capsules.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Iris fernaldii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Iris fernaldii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Iris fernaldii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff