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Ilex cassine L.
USDA Symbol: ILCA
Dahoon is typically a small, evergreen tree, 20-30 ft. high and 8-15 ft. wide. Stiff, oval, evergreen leaves are a glossy, medium-green. The greenish-white, axillary flowers are inconspicuous, while the 1/4 in. diameter fruits, some persisting until spring, range from bright-red to bright-yellow and can be produced in great quantities.
Planted as an ornamental for the evergreen foliage and profuse red fruit used in Christmas decorations. The common name apparently is of American Indian origin.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf:
Dark Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, TX Native Distribution:
Coastal Plain from NC
to e. TX Native Habitat:
Moist woods; cypress ponds; marsh margins; bays
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Hybrids between this species and I. opaca occur naturally in the wild. Popular garden selections have been made from these hybrids.
PropagationDescription: Seeds germinate best if planted immediately after collection. They may be pretreated with double-stratification but the essential element seems to be time. Once internal conditions in the seed are right (it may take years), it will germinate in warm moi
Seed Treatment: Some benefit may be obtained from 30-60 days treatment at 68-86 degrees followed by 60-90 days of 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff