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Ilex amelanchier M.A. Curtis ex Chapman
Sarvis holly, Swamp holly
USDA Symbol: ILAM2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Shrubs or rarely trees to 15 ft. in height with pubescent, leathery leaves. Greenish-white, axillary flowers are followed by velvet-red, pea-sized, persistent fruits.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC Native Distribution:
Coastal plain from NC to LA Native Habitat:
Sandy swamps; wet woods; stream banks USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist to wet, sandy to clay soils.
Conditions Comments: You must have both a male and female plant to have berries. The male must be the same species as the female and bloom at the same time. Because hollies are such popular landscape plants, it may be worth the risk to plant a female and hope there is a male nearby.
PropagationDescription: Seeds germinate best if planted immediately after collection. They may be pretreated with double-stratification but the essential element seems to be time. Once internal conditions in the seed are right (it may take years), it will germinate in warm, mo
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Some benefit may be obtained from 30-60 days treatment at 68-86 degrees followed by 60-90 days of 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MS
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff