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Hydrophyllum occidentale (S. Watson) A. Gray
Squaw-lettuce, Waterleaf, Western waterleaf
Synonym(s): Hydrophyllum occidentale var. watsonii
USDA Symbol: HYOC
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
This perennials best feature is the attractive foliage which is coarsely pinnately divided with interesting outlines. The leaves are fuzzy and have pale green spots at the base of the division. Clusters of bell-shaped, lavender flowers are held above the leaves on an erect, 15-20 in. stem.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf:
Dark Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
, UT Native Distribution:
Mts. of c. & n. CA,
w. ID, UT
& AZ Native Habitat:
Shaded slopes; 2500-8000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist to mesic soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Division is the most practical method of increase.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACW || FACW |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff