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Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herbert
Carolina spider-lily, Carolina spiderlily, Rain lily
Synonyms: Hymenocallis occidentalis
USDA Symbol: HYCA9
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Carolina spider-lily is a smooth, fleshy or succulent perennial,1 1/2-2 1/2 ft. tall. Fragrant, white, spider-like, blossoms, up to 7 in. across, occur in clusters of up to six at the top of leafless stalks. The leaves are pale-green, shiny, and up to 2 ft. long.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX Native Distribution:
S. IN to s. MO, s. to the Gulf Native Habitat:
Swamps; moist fields; bottomlands USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Part Shade CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Soil Description:
Sandy, wet soils. Conditions Comments:
will multiply to form a dense clump. Good in wet, boggy settings and in water gardens. Foliage dies back in mid-summer.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Poisonous to many animals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Divide small bulbs from base of mature bulbs. Can also be propagated by seed planted shallowly.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff