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Hymenocallis caroliniana (Carolina spiderlily) | NPIN

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Hymenocallis caroliniana (Carolina spiderlily)
Clagett, Majorie

Hymenocallis caroliniana

Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herb.

Carolina spiderlily, Carolina spider-lily, Rain lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Synonym(s): Hymenocallis coronaria, Hymenocallis georgiana, Hymenocallis occidentalis, Hymenocallis palusvirensis, Pancratium carolinianum

USDA Symbol: HYCA9

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Carolina spider-lily is a smooth, fleshy or succulent perennial,1 1/2-2 1/2 ft. tall. Fragrant, white, spider-like, blossoms, up to 7 in. across, occur in clusters of up to six at the top of leafless stalks. The leaves are pale-green, shiny, and up to 2 ft. long.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX
Native Distribution: S. IN to s. MO, s. to the Gulf
Native Habitat: Swamps; moist fields; bottomlands

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, wet soils.
Conditions Comments: One bulb will multiply to form a dense clump. Good in wet, boggy settings and in water gardens. Foliage dies back in mid-summer.


Use Wildlife: Poisonous to many animals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: Divide small bulbs from base of mature bulbs. Can also be propagated by seed planted shallowly.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Sunshine Farm & Gardens - Renick, WV
American Native Nursery - Quakertown, PA


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

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Recommended Species Lists

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Hymenocallis caroliniana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hymenocallis caroliniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hymenocallis caroliniana


Record Modified: 2013-09-11
Research By: TWC Staff

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