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Gaura biennis (Biennial beeblossom)
Vick, Albert F. W.

Gaura biennis

Gaura biennis L.

Biennial beeblossom, Biennial gaura

Onagraceae (Evening-Primrose Family)


USDA Symbol: GABI2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Long-tubed whtie flowers, turning pink with age, bloom 2 or 3 at a time in clusters on long, wand-like spikes branching from the top portion of this 2-5 ft. biennial.

The genus Gaura is composed of rather weedy plants, with leaves borne singly on the stems and frequently in a basal rosette. The flowers are in spikes or racemes, or are branching. They open in the evening. The 4 petals are on the upper side of the flower, giving it a slightly bilateral symmetry. There are normally 8 prominent stamens and 1 pistil; these are on the lower side. The stamens have reddish-brown anthers. The genus is easily recognized, but the species are sometimes difficult, due partly to a great deal of hybridization.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Size Class: 3-6 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , MI , MN , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WI , WV
Canada: ON , QC
Native Distribution: Que. to s.e. MN, s. to GA & LA
Native Habitat: Prairies; open woods; stream banks

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Moist to dry soils
Conditions Comments: Not Available


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes


Description: Grow from seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Additional resources

USDA: Find Gaura biennis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Gaura biennis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gaura biennis


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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