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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Fritillaria recurva Benth.
Scarlet fritillary, Scarlet missionbells
USDA Symbol: FRRE
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
The narrow, glaucous leaves are borne well up the stalk and are topped by several bright scarlet, nodding, bell-like flowers, the petals often recurved and checked with yellow inside. A smooth, gray-green plant with most leaves near the middle of the stem and, hanging in an open raceme at top, 1-9 scarlet, narrowly bell-shaped flowers. Robust specimens reach 3 ft. in height.
One of the few red lilies in the West and the only red fritillary. Recurva refers to the recurved tips of the petal-like segments. However, in the inner parts of the northern Coast Ranges of California there occurs a brilliant red-flowered form whose petal-like segment tips are not recurved.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
CA , NV , OR Native Distribution:
S. OR to the inner Coast Ranges of Lake Co., CA, the Sierras of Nevada Co., CA & w. NV Native Habitat:
Rocky, brush covered slopes USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: In the garden, fritillaries are often finicky, the bulbs are eaten by gophers, and the foliage is devoured by snails and slugs. In addition, plants often take a year or two off from flowering, making only a single, broad, tongue-shaped basal leaf during those times. To assure good flowering, one needs a colony of several bulbs.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Oregon Native Plant Nursery
- Woodburn, OR
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff