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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.
Beach strawberry, Coast strawberry
USDA Symbol: FRCH
Shiny, dark-green, trifoliate leaves arise from the creeping, horizontal runners or this large-flowered, wild strawberry. A low plant connected to others by runners, at least when young, often growing in patches, with white flowers on stalks slightly shorter than leaves. The white, five-petaled flowers are followed on the female plants by large, red berries. Beach strawberry or coast strawberry is a perennial.
The word strawberry comes from the Anglo-Saxon streawberige, referring to the berries strewing their runners out over the ground. This plant also grows in South America; Chilean plants of this species were the parents in the production of hybrid domestic strawberries. Several species of wild strawberries in the West strongly resemble Beach Strawberry but have thin leaflets.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
Coast from AK
to San Luis Obispo Co., CA; also HI Native Habitat:
Sandy, coastal areas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Coast strawberry is quite drought tolerant. It is not as aggressive and considered more attractive than other wild strawberries, making it an ideal, sand-binding ground cover. This species is one parent of the cultivated strawberries.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: The easiest method of increase is to use offset plants produced by the numerous runners. Offsets should be planted with crown at ground level. Seeds may be sown.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary, although 2 1/2-3 months stratification may hasten germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACU |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-21
Research By: TWC Staff