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Euphorbia heterophylla (Mexican fireplant) | NPIN

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Euphorbia heterophylla (Mexican fireplant)
Stone, Robert L.

Euphorbia heterophylla

Euphorbia heterophylla L.

Mexican fireplant, Wild Poinsettia

Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)

Synonym(s): Euphorbia geniculata, Euphorbia prunifolia, Poinsettia geniculata, Poinsettia heterophylla

USDA Symbol: EUHE4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

Minute flowers lacking petals within a 5-lobed, gland-rimmed cup, all in a cluster atop each leafy stem just above partly red, white, or yellow leaves; sap milky.

This species, though a weedy annual, recalls its relative, Poinsettia (Poinsettia pulcherrima), which is popular at Christmas and has large, red, pink, yellow, or white leaves just below the flowering cluster. Toothed Spurge (E. dentata), which occurs from Illinois east to Pennsylvania and southward, has hairier stems, opposite leaves, and leafy bracts usually green or white at the base.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb

Bloom Information

Bloom Time: Aug , Sep


USA: AL , AZ , CA , FL , GA , HI , LA , MS , NM , TX
Native Distribution: Southern tier of states in the U.S., from California east to Florida and Georgia.
Native Habitat: Open or wooded, disturbed areas, usually in sandy soil.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Euphorbia heterophylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Euphorbia heterophylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Euphorbia heterophylla


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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