Eustoma exaltatum (L.) Salisb. ex G. Don
Catchfly prairie gentian, Bluebell gentian, Western blue gentian, Blue marsh lily, Small bluebell, Catchfly gentian, Seaside gentian
Gentianaceae (Gentian Family)
USDA Symbol: EUEX5
Eustoma means open mouth, referring to the large throat of the flower. It prefers damp areas and seems to reach peak condition on moist prairies, where it sometimes grows in profusion. The large, bell-shaped flowers, 2-3 inches across, have 5-7 bluish-purple petals, less than 1 inch long, which are constricted into a small tube at the base and have prominent purple markings in the throat. The plants are 1-2 feet high with smooth, erect stems and branches. The leaves are long and oval with pointed tips, 1-2 1/2 inches long.
Although it is often referred to as the Seaside Gentian, this plant is not restricted to coastal habitats; it also grows in the Great Plains from Montana to New Mexico. The interior subspecies, E. exaltum ssp. russellianum, is called the Showy Prairie Gentian. The genus name, from the Greek eu (good) and stoma (mouth), refers to the wide opening of the corolla tube.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: The large, bell-shaped flowers, 2-3 inches across, have 5-7 bluish-purple petals, less than 1 inch long, which are constricted into a small tube at the base and have prominent purple markings in the throat.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , FL , KS , LA , MS , MT , NE , NM , OK , SD , TX , WY
Native Distribution: Southern United States from Florida west to California and north in the interior to Montana and South Dakota.
Native Habitat: Sandy coastal areas, moist places in prairies and fields, and saline to freshwater marshes.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
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National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Nueces River Authority - Uvalde, TX
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Eustoma exaltatum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Eustoma exaltatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eustoma exaltatum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-09-29
Research By: TWC Staff