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Flaigg, Norman G.
Ephedra trifurca Torr. ex S. Wats.
Ephedra, Mormon tea, Longleaf jointfir, Jointfir, Longleaf teabush, Tea weed, Canutillo
USDA Symbol: EPTR
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
This is a 1-5 ft. shrub with yellowish-gray, erect, forked branches. Spine-tipped leaves, in groups of three, split and fall off early leaving a leafless, broom-like shrub. Cones are red-brown.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
AZ , CA , NM , TX Native Distribution:
S.w. TX to s. CA & n.w. Mex. Native Habitat:
Sandy or gravelly hill & plains; dry creek beds; scrubby areas USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2) , Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Drought Tolerance: High
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Gravelly or sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: Provides cover for birds and small mammals. Nutlike seeds are taken by quail and other birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-PM-1
Collected 2010-05-26 in Presidio County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2011-10-11
Research By: TWC Staff