Echinocereus pentalophus (DC.) Lem.
Ladyfinger cactus, Alicoche, Dog Tail
Cactaceae (Cactus Family)
USDA Symbol: ECPE2
Echinocereus pentalophus is primarily a Mexican species, but its range extends to far south Texas, along the coast around Brownsville, inland along the Rio Grande to McAllen and north towards Corpus Christi. The narrow green stems, one inch or less in diameter, have 5 (sometimes 4) ribs, with evenly-spaced clusters of 4 to 7 short white or yellowish spines, one of which is a little longer and more central. The plant branches profusely, the stems growing sideways along or close to the ground, becoming several feet long, and they produce many large pink flowers - sometimes nearly 6 inches across, in late spring, followed by green fruits. There are several varieties (in Mexico) which have shorter, more upright stems.
Description provided courtesy of The American Southwest.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Notes: Less than 1
Flower: Flowers 3 to 5 inches (7-12 cm)
Fruit: Green with white pulp.
Size Class: 0-1 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Bloom Notes: The magenta flowers have white throats and only occur for a short period in spring. Although the display lasts only a week or two, the profusion of pink flowers is extremely striking. The flowers are 3 to 5 inches long (7-12 cm)
Native Distribution: Texas and East-central Mexico
Native Habitat: Agave-Lechuguila thorn scrub and grassy, rocky plains.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Fine soils.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Cactus or xeric plant garden.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds , Softwood Cuttings
Seed Treatment: Sow on surface
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1273 Collected 2009-05-19 in Hidalgo County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Web ReferenceWebref 15 - The American Southwest (1994) John Crossley
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Echinocereus pentalophus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Echinocereus pentalophus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Echinocereus pentalophus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-07-01