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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Dicentra eximia (Ker Gawl.) Torr.
Turkey corn, Fringed bleedinghearts, Wild bleedingheart
Synonym(s): Bicuculla eximia
USDA Symbol: DIEX
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Fringed bleedinghearts is a bushy, perennial with light-green, much-dissected, ferny leaves and clusters of drooping, heart-shaped, magenta-pink flowers. Several deep pink to red, drooping, heart-shaped flowers along a leafless stem. The plants are quick to send up new leaves and in no time form mounds 1-2 ft. tall and up to 3 ft. across. It colonizes very slowly by rhizomes.
This native perennial is common in the southern mountains. It resembles the showier Asian Bleeding Heart (D. spectabilis), which is often cultivated in eastern gardens.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Size Notes:
Normally 9 to 12 inches but can reach 2 feet Flower:
Flowers 1/2 inch
Green pods, black seeds, 1 inch Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Color ranges from white to various shades of pink to purple. Can bloom from early spring to frost.
, WV Native Distribution: PA
s. to NC
in mountains Native Habitat:
Rich, wooded slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist, humus-rich, acid, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Is heat tolerant if planted in rich, moist soil in shade.
A long-blooming, evergreen
plant for Eastern shade gardens. Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Description: Propagate by seed sown immediately or in the spring after a cold-moist period. Self-sows readily, so look for transplants around the parent. Can also be increased rapidly by division in fall or early spring.
Seed Collection: Seeds mature throughout the growing season. Periodically check the light green capsules for mature, shiny-black seeds. Do not allow the seeds to dry out. Store in damp sphagnum in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: Four weeks of cold-moist stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DEMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-09
Research By: TWC Staff