Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida
Cylindropuntia fulgida (Engelm.) F.M. Knuth var. fulgida
Cactaceae (Cactus Family)
Synonym(s): Opuntia fulgida, Opuntia fulgida var. fulgida
USDA Symbol: CYFUF
The common name Cholla (pronounced CHAW-ya or CHO-ya), meaning skull or head in Spanish, is applied to various shrubby cacti with jointed branches, of which this species is the largest. Its segments or joints, easily detached by touching, adhere to clothing and skin. They are fancifully said to jump out and attack passersby, especially when ones back is turned, as the common name implies. The dead, weathered, woody skeletons of the stems, forming hollow cylinders with many holes, are used in making novelties. Fruit and seeds of cacti are consumed in great quantities by wildlife of many kinds, especially rodents. Detached branches will root and start new plants, spreading on some rangelands.
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Bloom InformationBloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM
Native Distribution: Central and S. Arizona and NW. Mexico; to 4000 (1219 m).
Native Habitat: Dry, sandy soils of valleys, plains, and slopes, forming dense cactus forests in deserts.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Heat Tolerant: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
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From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1995 VOL. 12, NO.3 - Explore the Big Bend With the Wildflower Center, Education Director\'s Report, T...
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff