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Marcus, Joseph A.
Croton fruticulosus Engelm. ex Torr.
Bush croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca
USDA Symbol: CRFR
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A shrub up to 3 feet or more tall. On limestone ledges and slopes. Stems slender, smooth, brown or gray, leaf bearing branchlets yellowish or grayish green and densely covered with stellate hairs visible under a 10x hand lens. Leaf blades up to 3 inches long, ovate to narrower, with smooth to sparsely and finely toothed margins, pointed at the tip, and rounded or slightly lobed at the base. Both surfaces on younger leaves velvety to the touch, the upper frequently olive green, the lower grayish green and densely covered with stellate hairs, aromatic when crushed. Flowers about 1/8 inch wide, on terminal extensions of the branchlets. Fruit a slightly 3 lobed spherical capsule 1/4 inch in diameter, covered with stellate hairs.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AZ , NM , TX Native Habitat:
Usually on limestone hills, bluffs, canyons, or rocky ravines at altitudes of 1,000-4,500 feet; in Central and Western Texas. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Drought Tolerance:
High Soil Description:
Frequent in brush on limestone uplands. Conditions Comments:
for shady spots, fragrant foliage and bright yellow fall color.
BenefitFragrant Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0610
Collected May 13, 1992 in Medina County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0268
Collected July 4, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
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Record Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: NPC