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Crataegus aestivalis (Walter) Torr. & A. Gray
Mayhaw, May hawthorn
Synonym(s): Crataegus luculenta, Crataegus maloides
USDA Symbol: CRAE
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
May hawthorn is a small tree to 40 ft. or, less commonly, a shrub with crooked, usually spiny, branches. Clusters of white flowers are followed by edible, red fruit. Unusual among Crataegus spp. in having fruits ripen early, from April to July.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Dark Green Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
, VA Native Distribution:
Coastal Plain from VA
& MS Native Habitat:
Shallow ponds; wet woods; seasonal swamps
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet soils.
Conditions Comments: Subject to rust.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Stratified seed will germinate.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: 6-8 weeks of moist chilling improves germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| OBL |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff