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Collinsia verna Nutt.
Spring blue eyed Mary, Spring Blue-eyed Mary
USDA Symbol: COVE2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A weak stem bearing whorls of 4-6 stalked, 2-lipped, blue and white flowers rising from axils of opposite, mostly stalkless leaves.
This plant is sometimes so abundant in woodlands as to form a blue carpet on the forest floor. The seeds of this delicate winter annual are shed in the summer and germinate in the fall, the seedlings persisting through the winter. The genus name honors Zaccheus Collins (1764-1831), a Philadelphia botanist. The species name is the Latin word for spring and describes the flowering time.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Fruit:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WV Canada: ON Native Distribution:
Ontario and New York south to Virginia, southwest to Tennessee and Oklahoma, and north to Kansas, Iowa, and Wisconsin. Native Habitat:
Damp open woods.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2010-04-19
Research By: TWC Staff