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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Cornus foemina Mill.
Stiff dogwood, Swamp dogwood
Synonym(s): Cornus stricta, Swida foemina, Swida stricta
USDA Symbol: COFO
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A highly variable shrub or small tree to 20 ft. tall. Twigs are reddish, becoming gray with age. Small, white flowers make up the convex to flat-topped flower clusters. Fruits are bright blue.
The genus cornus is Latin for a horn.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, VA Canada: ON Native Distribution: DE
s. to FL
& TX Native Habitat:
Swamps & uplands
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet or moist soils, adapting to drier sites.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Propagation by seed is possible. Seed Collection:
Seeds can be stored or sown without extracting them from the fruit. Seed Treatment: Fruit
may be sown immediately or stratified for spring planting. Commercially Avail:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2010-11-16
Research By: TWC Staff