Cornus foemina Mill.
Stiff dogwood, Swamp dogwood
Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)
Synonym(s): Cornus stricta, Swida foemina, Swida stricta
USDA Symbol: COFO
The genus cornus is Latin for a horn.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Class: 12-36 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NJ , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Distribution: DE to IL, s. to FL & TX
Native Habitat: Swamps & uplands
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet or moist soils, adapting to drier sites.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Summer Azure Butterfly, Celastrina neglecta has been observed ovipositing on this species in Delaware.
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is possible.
Seed Collection: Seeds can be stored or sown without extracting them from the fruit.
Seed Treatment: Fruit may be sown immediately or stratified for spring planting.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Research LiteratureReslit 1024 - The increasing scarcity of red oaks in Mississippi River floodplain forests: Influence of the residual overstory (2005) C. D. Oliver, E. C. Burkhardt and D. A. Skojac
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Cornus foemina in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cornus foemina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cornus foemina
MetadataRecord Modified: 2010-11-16
Research By: TWC Staff