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Conocarpus erectus L.
Button mangrove, Buttonwood
USDA Symbol: COER2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Spreading shrub to low-branching tree with narrow rounded crown; thicket-forming. Button mangrove or buttonwood occurs as an evergreen shrub or tree, growing to 60 ft. with a twisted trunk. The purplish-green, cone-like fruits are about 1/2 in. in diameter. They are preceded by clusters of whitish flowers. Button mangrove has green leaves.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
FL , HI Native Distribution:
S. & c. FL Native Habitat:
Sandy, coastal shores, landward of the tidal mangrove zone USDA Native Status: L48(N), HI(I), PR(N), VI(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Wet Soil Description:
Wet, sandy to drier, richer soils. Conditions Comments:
Buttonwood occupies the transition between saline and fresh water communities. The scaly-ridged bark
provides an ideal substratum for the attachment of bromeliads and orchids. In the landscape, this is a good species for hedges. Ssp. sericea is less cold-hardy than the species.
PropagationDescription: Propagation by cuttings is relatively easy.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff