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Conocarpus erectus L.
Button mangrove, Buttonwood
Combretaceae (West Indies-Almond Family)
Synonym(s): Conocarpus erectus var. sericeus
USDA Symbol: COER2
Spreading shrub to low-branching tree with narrow rounded crown; thicket-forming. Button mangrove or buttonwood occurs as an evergreen shrub or tree, growing to 60 ft. with a twisted trunk. The purplish-green, cone-like fruits are about 1/2 in. in diameter. They are preceded by clusters of whitish flowers. Button mangrove has green leaves.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
, HI Native Distribution:
S. & c. FL Native Habitat:
Sandy, coastal shores, landward of the tidal mangrove zone
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Wet Soil Description:
Wet, sandy to drier, richer soils. Conditions Comments:
Buttonwood occupies the transition between saline and fresh water communities. The scaly-ridged bark
provides an ideal substratum for the attachment of bromeliads and orchids. In
the landscape, this is a good species for hedges. Ssp. sericea is less cold-hardy than the species.
PropagationDescription: Propagation by cuttings is relatively easy.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff