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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Clintonia uniflora (Menzies ex J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Kunth
Bead lily, Bride's bonnet, Queen cup
USDA Symbol: CLUN2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Each rosette of 2-3 oblong, glossy-green leaves, up to 6 in. in height, bears a short flowering stalk with one or two open, bell-shaped, white flowers. 1 (rarely 2) white, star-like flower blooms on a short leafless stalk that grows from a basal cluster of 2 or 3 oblong or elliptic, shiny leaves. Each flower is followed by a single, amethyst-blue berry. This is a spreading perennial and serves as a ground cover.
Generally there are several clusters of leaves in a patch, for the plant produces an extensive system of underground stems.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Fruit:
Blue Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
AK , CA , ID , MT , OR , WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
AK to Tulare Co., CA, e. to s.w Alt. & w. MT Native Habitat:
Cool, mid-elevation forests USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Rich, moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Bead lily will need protection from slugs.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Ruffed grouse are fond of the blue berries.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagate by root divisions taken in spring or by seed. Seedlings will take up to 4 years to flower.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff