Clintonia umbellulata (Michx.) Morong
White clintonia, White bluebead-lily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Clintonia alleghaniensis, Xeniatrum umbellulatum
USDA Symbol: CLUM2
A low plant with a basal clump of broad, glossy, slightly pubescent leaves surrounding an 6-20 in. leafless stem topped by a cluster of nodding white flowers speckled with green and purple. Black, spherical berries follow the flowers.
Long-lasting leaves remain green all summer, creating an excellent groundcover for shady spots. This species is considered easier to establish and maintain than the more northerly C. borealis.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
DistributionUSA: GA , KY , MD , NC , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV
Native Distribution: NJ, c. NY & OH, s. to GA mts.
Native Habitat: Cool, rich mt. woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Humus-rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Long-lasting leaves remain green all summer, creating an excellent groundcover for shady spots. This species is considered easier to establish and maintain than the more northern C. borealis.
PropagationDescription: Usually propagated by dividing clumps or underground runners in fall or early spring, but may also be readily grown from seed planted immediately after ripening.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Must be stratified; accomplished naturally by planting outdoors.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Sunshine Farm & Gardens - Renick, WV
ArcheWild Native Nurseries - Quakertown, PA
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Clintonia umbellulata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Clintonia umbellulata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Clintonia umbellulata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-09-14
Research By: TWC Staff