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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Clintonia umbellulata (Michx.) Morong
White clintonia, White bluebead-lily
USDA Symbol: CLUM2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A low plant with a basal clump of broad, glossy, slightly pubescent leaves surrounding an 6-20 in. leafless stem topped by a cluster of nodding white flowers speckled with green and purple. Black, spherical berries follow the flowers.
Long-lasting leaves remain green all summer, creating an excellent groundcover for shady spots. This species is considered easier to establish and maintain than the more northerly C. borealis.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
GA , KY , MD , NC , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV Native Distribution:
NJ, c. NY & OH, s. to GA mts. Native Habitat:
Cool, rich mt. woods USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Humus-rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Long-lasting leaves remain green all summer, creating an excellent groundcover for shady spots. This species is considered easier to establish and maintain than the more northern C. borealis.
PropagationDescription: Usually propagated by dividing clumps or underground runners in fall or early spring, but may also be readily grown from seed planted immediately after ripening.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Must be stratified; accomplished naturally by planting outdoors.
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2010-05-01
Research By: TWC Staff