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Lewis, A. D.
Clinopodium coccineum (Nutt. ex Hook.) Kuntze
Scarlet Calamint, Scarlet Wild Basil, Red Savory, Red Mint Shrub, Scarlet Balm, Southern Calamint, Red Basil
Synonyms: Calamintha coccinea, Cunila coccinea, Satureja coccinea
USDA Symbol: CLCO10
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Scarlet Calamint is a small shrub with wiry stems and small, obovate to spatulate, opposite leaves. The flowers are strongly two-lipped and scarlet with darker red spots. The lower lip has three distinct lobes and there are 4 anthers per flower. ADL.
This species should be cultivated because it blooms thoughout the year and the flowers are especially colorful. ADL. Yellow-flowered variants occasionally occur. Foliage is mildly aromatic.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Flowers scarlet. May bloom year-round, but flowering peaks in summer.
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , MS
Native Distribution: Southern Georgia to Southern Mississippi and south to Central Florida.
Native Habitat: Sand hills and sandy flatwoods on the coastal plain.
USDA Native Status: L48 N
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy flowers produced year-round.
Use Wildlife: Flowers very attractive to hummingbirds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Clump Division , Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings
Description: Stick cuttings in early summer.
Seed Collection: Spring or fall.
Maintenance: Takes pruning.
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Record Modified: 2009-09-14
Research By: JAM