Circaea alpina L.
Small enchanter's nightshade
Onagraceae (Evening-Primrose Family)
USDA Symbol: CIAL
Slender stems with several pairs of heart-shaped leaves and tiny white flowers in racemes.
Circe, the Greek enchantress for whom the genus is named, possessed magical powers and a knowledge of poisonous herbs; she could change men into swine. A Eurasian species of Circaea, with races in eastern North America, was one of Circe’s magical plants.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , IA , ID , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , TN , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: NB , NS , PE
Native Distribution: Across northern North America; in West, south mostly in mountains to southern California, Arizona, and New Mexico; in East, south to Georgia.
Native Habitat: Cool damp woods.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Circaea alpina in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Circaea alpina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Circaea alpina
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-12-23
Research By: TWC Staff