Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Chamerion latifolium (L.) Holub
Broad-leaf fireweed, Dwarf fireweed
Onagraceae (Evening-Primrose Family)
Synonym(s): Chamaenerion latifolium, Chamerion subdentatum, Epilobium latifolium
USDA Symbol: CHLA13
A low, bushy plant with clustered stems 4-16 in. tall. They bear pairs of somewhat waxy, bluish-green, lance-shaped leaves which increase in length up the stem. The leaves subtend a terminal raceme of large, four-petaled, rose-purple flowers.
Broadleaf Fireweed is a member of the evening-primrose family (family Onagraceae), which includes mainly herbs, rarely shrubs or trees with often showy flowers borne singly, in racemes or spikes, or in branched clusters. The family of about 17 genera and 675 species is found worldwide, but is especially abundant in temperate regions of the New World.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
, WY Canada: NL Native Distribution: AK,
s. in mts. to e. CA, ID, UT
& CO Native Habitat:
River bars; stream banks; drier, mt., talus slopes
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist (usually) to drier, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
PropagationDescription: Easily grown from seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FAC || FACW || FACW |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff