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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Castilleja foliolosa Hook. & Arn.
Texas Indian paintbrush, Texas indian-paintbrush, Chaparral paintbrush
USDA Symbol: CAFO2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A 1-2 ft., bushy perennial with white to woolly gray leaves. Showy, yellow and red bracts and sepals hide the small green flowers in a torch-like flowerhead.
Roots grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, then penetrate the roots of these host plants, obtaining a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush usually kills it.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: CA Native Distribution: CA
Coast Ranges from Humboldt Co. south; less common on w. base of Sierras Native Habitat:
A variety of dry, open places below 5000 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Roots grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, then penetrate the roots of these host plants, obtaining a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush usually kills it.
Sow seeds in fall with seeds of an herbaceous
perennial. Bouteloua gracilis has been recommended as a host. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
No treatment. Commercially Avail:
Record Last Modified: 2009-01-12
Research By: TWC Staff