Allionia incarnata L.
Trailing windmills, Trailing four o'clock, Pink windmills, Trailing allionia
Nyctaginaceae (Four-O'clock Family)
USDA Symbol: ALIN
The orchid-colored trailing four-o’clock is a vine that grows along the ground; the plant may be 10 feet across. The stems, leaves, and buds are covered with soft white hair. The stems and flowers are sticky, and one rarely finds a flower without grains of sand stuck on the upper surface. Technically, what appears to be 1 flower is a cluster of 3 resembling a single radially symmetrical flower but no one but a trained botanist would ever guess it.
The flowers remain open most of the day, not just in the evening as suggested by the name. The other species, Smooth Trailing Four-oclock (A. choisyi), from Arizona to Texas and southward, has a perianth 3/16 of an inch (5 mm) long or less, and the curved edges of the fruit each bear 5-8 slender, gland-tipped teeth.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Ground cover
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , CO , NM , NV , OK , TX , UT
Native Distribution: Southeastern California to southern Utah and Colorado; south to Texas, Mexico, and beyond.
Native Habitat: Dry gravelly or sandy soils in sun.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0616 Collected Oct 30, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
BibliographyBibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
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Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Allionia incarnata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Allionia incarnata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Allionia incarnata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-07-15
Research By: TWC Staff