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Acacia berlandieri Benth.
Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Thornless Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Huajillla, Matoral
Synonym(s): Acacia emoryana
USDA Symbol: ACBE
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Acacia berlandieri is a spreading shrub with many stems from the base, growing 3–15 feet tall. The white-to-cream-colored flowers (yellowing with age), grow in ball-like clusters, 5/8 inch or more in diameter, and are quite fragrant. They have 50–100 or more stamens, but no petals. The pinnately compound leaves are delicate, almost fernlike, 4–6 inches long with 5–9 (sometimes up to 18) pairs of leaflets, and these leaflets are again divided into 30–50 leaflets. The flower is a source of heavy, light-colored honey, rated by many as the best in the state. The seed pods are 3–5 inches long and 1 inch or more wide.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Root Type: Tap Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Complexity: Bipinnate Leaf Shape: Elliptic Breeding System:
Flowers Bisexual Size Notes:
3-15 feet. Flower:
Flowers in 1/2 inch globes
Brown 3-5 in. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution:
Southern part of Edwards Plateau in Texas south through northeastern Mexico to Hidalgo Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Gravelly, Caliche type, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Limestone-based Conditions Comments:
Acacia berlandieri is a spreading shrub
with many stems from the base. The white-to-cream-colored flowers (yellowing with age), grow in ball-like clusters and are quite fragrant
. The pinnately compound
leaves are delicate, almost fernlike. The flower
is a source of heavy, light-colored honey, rated by many as the best in the state.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, Aromatic, Attractive, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-bees, Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-rodents, Cover.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Long-tailed skipper, Reickers blue
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plants for butterfly garden in Waco, TX
February 03, 2008
Few weeks ago I sent you a letter but never got an answer back.
I would like to have your suggestions of native plants for a butterfly garden (30'x 30') here in Waco. The plants must be (1)drought ...
view the full question and answer
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1047
Collected 2007-06-15 in Starr County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2013-12-15
Research By: TWC Staff