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Abies amabilis (Douglas ex Loudon) Douglas ex Forbes
Cascade fir, Lovely fir, Pacific silver fir, White fir
USDA Symbol: ABAM
Large fir with beautiful, spirelike, conical crown of short, down-curving branches and flat, fernlike foliage.
Called the silver fir because of the shining silvery undersides of the needles. Amabilis means ëlovelyí an apt name for this beautiful tree.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Root Type: Tap Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Brown Size Class:
More than 100 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
Pacific Coast from extreme SE. Alaska south to W. Oregon; local in NW. California; to 1000 (305 m) in north; to 6000 (1829 m) in south. Native Habitat:
Cool, wet regions, including coastal fog belt and interior mountain valleys; in coniferous forests.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Loam
BenefitUse Food: The pitch of balsam firs (Abies spp.) was chewed for enjoyment, and the Ditidaht name for both A. amabilis and A. grandis literally means sweet plant.
Use Other: The boughs of the amabilis fir have a pleasant, spicy fragrance and, along with boughs of grand fir, were used in the household as floor coverings and bedding. The Nisgaía occasionally used amabilis fir wood for house planks, but it is soft and brittle, and therefore it was used mostly for fuel.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| UPL || FACU || FACU |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2008-04-23
Research By: TWC Staff