Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Viburnum prunifolium

Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Smooth blackhaw is a sturdy, shapely shrub or small tree, 12-15 ft. tall, sometimes growing to 30 ft. Rounded in outline, this deciduous shrub bears white flower clusters followed by yellow berries turning blue-black. Attractive, dark-green foliage becomes reddish-purple in fall. Shrub or small tree with short trunk, spreading, rounded or irregular crown, many showy, small, white flowers, and small, blue-black fruit.

The fruit is consumed by songbirds, gamebirds, and mammals and can be made into preserves. The astringent bark was formerly used medicinally. The Latin species name refers to the leaves resemblance to plum leaves.

Image Gallery:

8 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf: Green
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Pink to bluish-black
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May


USA: AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MS , MO , NJ , NY , NC , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV , WI , DC
Native Distribution: CT to MI & KS, s. to GA & TX
Native Habitat: Low to upland wood edges; thickets; roadsides

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Moist to dry, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: For best flowers and fruit, give black haw at least one-half day of sunlight. The plant is durable and pest free.


Use Wildlife: Berries attract birds and mammals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Last Update: 2013-09-07