Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Viburnum prunifolium L.
Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush
Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)
Smooth blackhaw is a sturdy, shapely shrub
or small tree,
12-15 ft. tall, sometimes growing to 30 ft. Rounded in outline, this deciduous shrub
bears white flower clusters followed by yellow berries turning blue-black. Attractive, dark-green foliage becomes reddish-purple in fall. Shrub
or small tree
with short trunk, spreading, rounded or irregular crown, many showy, small, white flowers, and small, blue-black fruit.
is consumed by songbirds, gamebirds, and mammals and can be made into preserves. The astringent bark
was formerly used medicinally. The Latin species name refers to the leaves resemblance to plum leaves.
Image Gallery: 4 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Pink to bluish-black Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MS , MO , NJ , NY , NC , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV , WI , DC Native Distribution:
CT to MI & KS, s. to GA & TX Native Habitat:
Low to upland wood edges; thickets; roadsides USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil pH:
Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2) CaCO3 Tolerance:
High Soil Description:
Moist to dry, well-drained soils. Conditions Comments:
For best flowers and fruit,
give black haw at least one-half day of sunlight. The plant is durable and pest free.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Berries attract birds and mammals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes