Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Viola missouriensis

Missouri violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Viola missouriensis (Missouri violet)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Violets are a sign that spring has arrived, and this is often one of the most common violets found within its range. It prefers well-drained woodland soil, where it can colonize via rhizomes to send up numerous glowing purple blossoms in early spring.

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual , Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Notes: Up to 6 inches high
Leaf: Green
Flower: Flowers up to 1 inch across
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: Color usually purple or lavender, but can also be white. In Texas, typically blooms for 3 weeks in early spring.


USA: AR , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , MI , MN , MO , NE , NM , OH , OK , TN , TX , WI
Native Distribution: MN to GA to NM.
Native Habitat: Woodlands and riverine forests

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Drought Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Well-drained sand, loam, clay, or limestone
Conditions Comments: Will go dormant during droughts.


Use Ornamental: Good for the moist but well-drained woodland shade garden
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes

Last Update: 2009-03-19