Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Vitis cinerea var. helleri

Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape

Vitaceae (Grape Family)

Vitis cinerea var. helleri (Winter grape)
Henderson, Mary S. and Mary Hall
A common grape with a smooth surface on the lower side of the leaves. Lower surface of mature leaves with white, cobweblike hairs restricted to the veins and visible under a 10x hand lens. Leaf blades up to 4 1/2 inches long and 5 inches wide, broadly ovate to roughly heart shaped, usually with 2 broad lobes, a pointed tip, and broad teeth. Flowers minute, greenish, in branched, sometime s forked, clusters up to 8 inches long, appearing in April and May. Purplish to reddish grapes up to 5/16 inch wide, ripening from August to October, palatable.

Image Gallery:

3 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Notes: 36-72
Size Class: 36-72 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May


Native Habitat: Flood plains/bottomland, Stream/river banks, Thickets

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Rooting Hormone needed for active cuttings and not for dormant cuttings.


Use Ornamental: Twines on fences & other plants, Attractive, Fruits ornamental
Use Wildlife: Fruit-small mammals, Fruit-birds
Use Food: Blackish or bluish fruit good for the table, wine, jelly.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes

Last Update: 2011-04-02